Unlike possible for the typical cradles of Bosnian Sufism their older dervish lodges inside western elements of key Bosnia
KariA‡i mosque within the main Bosnian highlands, the spot that the yearly three-day pilgrimage commemorating Hajdar-dedo KariA‡a€”an ahead of time messenger of Islam in Bosnia, a dervish sheikh, and a friend of Jesus (evlija)a€”takes location. Pic by David Henig, 2009.
Although Yugoslav communist plan oppressed and practiced widespread control over numerous religious manifestations and get togethers, they did not ban the KariA‡i pilgrimage, that is certainly probably impressive considering that the pilgrimage possesses over the years become well attended ( MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196). In 1993, via Bosnian conflict (1992a€“95) a Yugoslav state Army reservoir caused by the early wood mosque. The surfaces is at the time period hardly available, as there had been a lot of landmines distributed in the earth throughout the pilgrimage internet site, extremely neighborhood Muslims temporarily planned the yearly getting in a neighboring provincial place mosque. After the conflict, the yard got slowly de-mined. The hardwood mosque was reconstructed in 2002 as well as the pilgrimage entirely reconditioned.
Although the repair had been started by a variety of neighborhood employed Muslims, the mosque plus the terrain it rests over is officially possessed and access to these people are subject to the state-approved Islamic society (Islamska Zajednica). The Islamic area can also be the cause of planning the annual KariA‡i pilgrimage. The pilgrimage takes place at the end of July. The go out try counted based on the previous Julian schedule because 11th Tuesday after Jurjevdan (for example., St. George’s time, will 6). The pilgrimage starts by saturday’s noon prayer and lasts until the Sunday midday prayer. Only male Muslims can sign up for at KariA‡i.
The pilgrimage collecting typically involves reciting associated with the complete Qua€™ran (hatma pigeon), singing tunes revering Allah (ilahija), also shows such as the recital of mevlud passages in both Turkish and Bosnian, tevhid for Ottoman including Bosnian martyrs (A?ehide), and collective devotional and happy prayer, kijam zikr (Arabic, qiyam dhikr). 2 The kijam zikr is carried out by dervishes and led by a dervish sheikh. More pilgrims generally detect instead of join in this form of prayer, as dervishes have got historically recently been conceived of ambiguously and happened to be seen as the Islamic a€?other withina€? when you look at the former Yugoslavia ( Bringa 1995 :221; Duijzings 2000 :107). But the devotional prayer throughout pilgrimage was also played during socialist circumstances. This is exactly possibly extensive, since, from inside the 1950s, the Islamic area, with the Yugoslav status’s solutions, restricted all dervish ordering in Bosnia-Herzegovina that they are a€?devoid of educational valuea€? ( Algar 1971 :196). 3
Unlike the truth of this typical cradles of Bosnian Sufism making use of previous dervish lodges when you look at the american areas of key Bosnia (cf. Algar 1971 ; A?ehajiA‡ 1986 ; MiA?ijeviA‡ 1997 ), the continuity of dervish orders am cut from inside the north elements. Therefore, KariA‡i is widely delivered and grasped for years solely as a location of Muslim annual pilgrimage. But inside latter 1980s, a dervish band of the Rifaa€™i arrange, that I have likewise learnt, ended up being formed in the region. 4 with its find authenticity and also the restoration of Sufi teaching (tesavuf) in the region, the group entwined the character on your old number of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡. Although dervish crowd now traces their name through their sheikh’s a€?spiritual lineagea€?(silsila) to Kosovo, the dervishes consider KariA‡i the company’s religious cradle, and they conceive of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡ because the messenger of Sufism in the region as well as their spiritual forefather.
The Ajvatovica pilgrimage work a very important function into the steps community Muslims within the central Bosnian highlands think on the change of worthy landscapes a€?after socialism.a€? As part of the narratives and everyday chats, simple village close friends often juxtaposed KariA‡i as well as the Ajvatovica pilgrimages. But the great majority of these never pilgrimed to Ajvatovica.
The Ajvatovica pilgrimage, outside the community of Prusac, holds figures similar to those of the KariA‡i webpages, dating back to the 17th 100 years and concerning another legendary messenger of Islam, effendi (and possibly dervish sheikh) Ajvaz-dedo. The legends state that Ajvaz-dedo was actually someone of Lord (evlija). As he came to Prusac, there’s no proper water supply in town. There was simply a spring near the village, nonetheless it got blocked by a rock. Ajvaz-dedo put in 40 times praying to Allah, additionally, on the 40th day the guy wanted two white in color rams colliding. As he woke upward, the stone had separate in half. Nearby villagers learn this as a miracle (keramet) and boon (bereket), and, from the time of, get pilgrimed within the location the spot where the stone separate.
Unlike the KariA‡i pilgrimage, the Ajvatovica was formally banned through the socialist course, in 1947 (cf. MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196), and is revitalized only inside 1990, commonly by the engagement for the Islamic Community; various media, such as the Islamic weekly publication Preporod; and also the Stranka Demokratske Akcije (SDA; Party of Democratic Action), led at the moment by Alija IzetbegoviA‡. The spot where Ajvatovica pilgrimage internet site is found was manageable and defended while in the warfare because Bosnian military, and, ergo, through general public rhetoric, achieved the type of a holy secure, expressing the continuity of a threatened Muslim area and its particular educational culture (cf. Rujanac in press ).
It swiftly came to be apparent in my opinion the form the Ajvatovica pilgrimage try orchestrated nowadays takes on a significant role in Bosnian Muslim national general public national does trueview work politics, as took over from Islamic society, not to mention figuring conspicuously in local talks. Ajvatovica is actually displayed through the Islamic Community like the big annual Muslim gathering in Europe, one with extended continuity, despite the certified ban charged in 1947. Because they are orchestrated and choreographed, a€?The times of Ajvatovicaa€? (Dani Ajvatovice) uncover as an assemblage of religious pilgrimage, governmental obtaining, and personal march consists of different events, gigs, and classes which can be extensively advertised and marketed with the Islamic Community through a lot of billboards. The Ajvatovica pilgrimage happens to be delivered, to paraphrase several nearby sources, as a a€?manifestation of tradition and long lasting continuity of Bosniak [Muslim] identification and culturea€? nicer looking the a€?largest Muslim obtaining in Europea€? (for example, witness Ajvatovica.org.ba 2010 ). Additionally, within my fieldwork, i used to be continuously informed that Ajvatovica had previously been an all-male party, although after 1990 it absolutely was widely marketed within the nationalized rhetoric as a gathering for a lot of Muslims. In other words, the Ajvatovica pilgrimage was reorchestrated and instrumentalized in Bosniak political discussion as a fertile expression in post-Yugoslav open public debates on cumulative Bosnian Muslim name in addition to Bosniaksa€™ investigate genuineness as an independent post-Yugoslav region (nacija).